The bristlecone is one of three species of pine trees and all three species are long-lived and highly resilient to harsh weather and bad soil. One of those species is Pinus ponderosa, commonly known as the ponderosa pine, which I can see looking out my office window here on Daisy Hill, is a large species that’s native to the western United States and Canada and is the most widely distributed pine species in North America.
Bristlecone pines grow in scattered subalpine groves at high altitude, such as Mount Evans in Colorado where this image was mads. The tree’s name comes from the prickles on the female cones. Another one of the three species, Pinus longaeva, is among the longest-lived life forms on Earth. Methuselah is a 4,848-year-old bristlecone pine tree growing high in the White Mountains of Inyo County in eastern California.
Despite their age and low reproductive rate, bristlecone pines tend to occupy new open ground but they compete poorly in less-than-harsh environments, making them hard to cultivate. They do very well, however, where most other plants cannot even grow, such as in rocky soils in areas with virtually no rainfall.